Impact: Engaging with Mainstream Programme
As per framework of RRA N which aims for reconfigure Nature, Amount and Delivery of Rainfed Agriculture Programme, have designed following mainstream programmes with the states.
Back Yard Poultry (BYP) provides income and nutrition to households, particularly to women. At present the income ranges around Rs.2000 per household per year but has potential to increase upto Rs.12-15 thousand per household per year through strengthening support services and establishing supply chain. BYP can potentially increase protein supplementation in poor households.
Desi birds have higher market price, greater demand and better resistance to diseases and predation. Desi poultry birds constitute 84% of the poultry population in the backyards. Strengthening the system provides inclusive supplementary income and nutrition to millions of women"
In order to improve Backyard Poultry Production, Department of Animal Husbandry has taken up this project and has been implemented in 130 BYP clusters covering ITDA areas of 5 districts.
Comprehensive Revival of Millets, a program of Department of Agriculture, Andhra Pradesh intends to revive millets in rainfed farming systems and household consumption.
Including diverse millets in crop systems, improving productivity, promoting processing enterprises, inclusion of millets in state nutrition programs and promoting markets are the strategic areas of intervention.
The nutritious Millets traditionally occupied substantial part of the diets and crop systems in tribal areas and in the dry rainfed areas of Andhra Pradesh. Government's focus on promotion of rice in agriculture and in PDS has led to a shift away from millets. Reduction in millets resulted in nutrition imbalances and distorted cropping systems increasing demand on water. Millets are more resilient to climate vulnerability and change and can be cultivated even in marginal lands.
areas :he Comprehensive Revival of Millets program will be taken up in two geographically distinct
The proposed programme envisages reviving of millets in farms and promoting household level consumption. It is expected to improve millet based cropping system in nearly 30000 acre @ 1000 acre per block covering 30 blocks with significant tribal population in 7 districts of southern India.
The programme intends to promote processing and business enterprises in addition to increasing productivity through various agronomic measures. Programme has also research component for assessing impacts and policy development related to millets.
Directorate of Agriculture and Food Production, Government of Odisha is the state nodal agency for the programme. Program Secretariat and Research Secretariat for the programe is anchored by WASSAN and NCDS respectively.
TA pilot initiative named "Community Managed Seed Systems" is implemented in Anantapuramu district since Rabi 2011 by the Department of Agriculture in partnership with the NGOs and Farmers' groups. The program envisages to decentralise production and distribution of groundnut seed production within a cluster of villages integrated seed village programme and seed subsidies. It is indented to achieve local self-sufficient in seeds.
This proposal is for institutionalising the process of seed production and distribution within farmers’ organisations established for the purpose. The pilot program is to be taken up jointly by the Department of Agriculture, NGOs and WASSAN to establish ManaVitthanaKendralu at cluster of GPs level in 30 Mandals of Anantapuramu District. The Department of Agriculture dovetails the support/ subsidies under Seed Village Program and regular seed subsidy into the CMSS program. ManaVitthana Kendralu will cater to the seed-needs of farmers within a cluster of GPs. ManaVitthana kedndralu will be managed by the farmers’ organisations and work closely with the Department of Agriculture and ANGRAU.
Variability in rainfall distribution results in frequent crop losses in low rainfall areas like Anantapuramu and in parts in other districts such as Chittoor and Kurnool. The impending Climate Change further accentuates these disturbances and crop failures. The concept of “Collectivisation of Groundwater for Secure Rainfed Crops” is to avoid the above eventualities.
The main theme is to encourage and support for rainfed crops in kharif on a larger area as the main crop system and support that with irrigation rather than growing paddy or irrigated dry crops in smaller area. This way the crop systems will be secure against any failure of rainfall and consumption (and extraction from groundwater) drastically reduced to keep it in sustainable extraction limits.
he purpose is to make investments comprehensively in water resources development and its sustainable use for primarily securing crops, livestock and livelihoods of farmers in rainfed areas. As several studies have shown, supportive/ protective irrigation will also increase productivity by about 30 per cent in addition to substantially reducing the frequency of crop failures. These failures result into loss of investment making farmer indebted and also, causes substantial decline in productivity. Failures in early stages might also increase the investments as farmers have to re-sow the crop. Crop losses often results into acute fodder scarcity affecting the livestock sector. The program strategy essentially addresses above problem arising out of Climate Change.