Rs. 7.2-crore two-year programme taken up in five districts.
Girijans at Killoguda used to lose their chicken to disease or predators.
And to counter it they have organised back yard poultry with desi breeds
and co-ops giving vaccination at regular intervals and providing to
support their venture. In the long run, it intends to increase the income
of the 100 families in the cluster on poultry from Rs. 12000 to Rs. 15000
Innovating on the Nammakkal model in Tamil Nadu, it aims to bring down the
feed cost by Rs. 25000 a year encouraging entrepreneurs to take up breed
farms in their land with birds foraging for 70 % of feed.
Killo Jamuna and Ramachander shifted from niger and pumpkin on which they
used to make Rs. 5000 a year if rain was sufficient to run a breed farm in
their half an acre of land. "Now we are able to sell each chicken at Rs.
500 as per gram sabha resolution and make Rs. 20,000 during the last six
months," says Ramachander.
Each farm is provided 80 % of the 50 hens and 10 cocks required and it has
to support 100 families by providing them five birds each in two cycles in
one year from the farm.
"The larger objective is to shift the focus to desi birds which constitute
84 % of the country's poultry farming in the light of failure of
successive attempts to raise hybrid varieties in backyards," says
programme manager M.L. Sanyasi Rao of WASSAN, lead technical agency for
"Strengthening Backyard Poultry for Livelihoods and Nutritional Security
in ITDA areas" of four districts.
The Rs. 7.2-crore, two-year programme, supported by Animal Husbandry and
Tribal Welfare departments, is taken up in Srikakulam, Vizianagaram,
Visakhapatnam, East and West Godavari districts.
After successful implementation of five breed farms in Srikakulam district
with the support of ATMA and Animal Husbandry Department in Srikakulam
district, the programme proposal was submitted to the Animal Husbandry
The programme covers 129 clusters supporting 12,900 families. So far, 79
breed farms have been established. In Visakhapatnam district of the 50
proposed 26 set up in six tribal mandals. For each cluster, Rs. 4 lakh is
sanctioned of which Rs. 3000 each is given to 100 families to construct
night shelter. The farm entrepreneur is given Rs. 95,000 and he has to
invest Rs. 25000. Traditional fencing is supported with PVC mesh to
prevent entry of snakes..