Rainfed areas i.e. areas that do not have assured irrigation constitute over half of the area and are lifeline of people in India. Climate risks (droughts in particular), dependence on rains with high variability, undulating and varying topography makes these areas highly vulnerable. Their agro-ecologies range from the low rainfall drylands to high rainfall tribal areas.
In spite of serious policy neglect over decades, these areas meet,
Needs in the country.
Underinvestment and policy neglect since the advent of Green Revolution resulted in entrenched poverty, migration and acute farmers’ distress in the rainfed areas. Rainfed ares are also ecologically fragile and threatened by land degradation, groundwater depletion and erosion of biodiversity.
Over 40 years of cumulative government investment on watershed development is less than half of annual fertiliser subsidy
WASSAN works with communities, civil society, research and government institutions in rainfed areas for bringing in prosperity and ecological security of rainfed areas. Small holder farmers, farm workers, women and tribal communities are in focus.